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Rani Karnavati of the Garhwal Kingdom, also known as Tehri Garhwal, was the wife of Mahipat Shah (or Mahipati Shah), the Hindu king of Garhwal who used the title, Shah. The capital of Garhwal Kingdom was shifted from Dewalgarh to Srinagar, Uttarakhand by him, who ascended to the throne in 1622 and further consolidated his rule over most parts of Garhwal.
Though King Mahipati Shah died young in 1631, after his death his Rani Karnavati, ruled the kingdom on the behalf of her very young seven-year-old son, Prithvipati Shah. She ruled over for many years to come, during which she successfully defend the kingdom against invaders and repelled an invasion of the Mughal army of Shah Jahan led by Najabat Khan in 1640, over time she earned the nickname ‘Nakti Rani’ (Nak-Kati-Rani) as she had the habit of cutting the noses of the invaders, as the Mughal invaders of the period realized.
Monuments erected by her still exist in the Dehradun district at Nawada, she is also credited with the construction of the Rajpur Canal, the earliest of all the Dehradun canals, which starts from the Rispana River and brings its waters to the city of Dehradun. Rispana River is one of the tributaries of the Song river that drains the central and eastern part of the Doon Valley.